There is no cure for Muscular Dystrophy but stem cell therapy mainly focuses on the inflammatory response in Muscular Dystrophy as a target for mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy. In contrast to other cell based therapies attempted in DMD, Mesenchymal Stem Cells have the advantages to treat Muscular Dystrophy:-
a) ability to fuse with and genetically complement dystrophic muscle to regenerate and repair the dystrophic muscle
b) produce anti-inflammatory activities to stop the inflammation in MD
c) produce trophic factors that may augment activity of endogenous repair cells.
Rehabilitation is the part of stem cell therapy. Muscular Dystrophy patients should have some kind of rehabilitation to help maximize their potential and to help teach techniques which make everyday life easier. Rehabilitation including physiotherapy provides enhanced environment to make stem cell more functional by helping the cell migrating and proliferation fast.
Physical therapy may improve your ability to perform daily activities and make you feel better.
Occupational therapy may help you perform daily activities more easily-especially those involving your hands and arms, such as grooming, dressing, and eating. Assistive devices may be used to help you perform daily tasks.