Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a group of chronic conditions affecting body movements and muscle coordination. It is caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring during fetal development. Cerebral palsy affects body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance. It can also impact fine motor skills, gross motor skills and motor functioning.
Secondary conditions can include seizures, epilepsy, apraxia, dysarthria or other communication disorders, eating problems, sensory impairments, mental retardation, learning disabilities, and/or behavioral disorders.
There are three main types of cerebral palsy:
1. Spastic Cerebral Palsy (stiff and difficult movement)
2. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy (involuntary and uncontrolled movement)
3. Ataxic Cerebral Palsy (disturbed sense of balance and depth perception)
4. Mixed Cerebral Palsy
There may be a combination of these types of cerebral palsy for any one person.