Currently there are not any specific treatments for Multiple Sclerosis. Some immune-suppressants down-regulate the autoimmune anti-myelin reactivity and reduce the rate of relapses of multiple sclerosis (like Copaxone and interferons) but they do not stop the progression of disability and induce rebuilding of the destroyed myelin (re-myelination).
Stem cell therapy was found not only to stop the progression of multiple sclerosis, but also regenerate the myelin sheath. Treatment with autologous bone marrow derived Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) provide multiple mechanisms including neuroprotection, immunomodulation and neuroregeneration in multiple sclerosis patients after intrathecally/intravenously transplantation because it has the immune-regulatory properties so it stops the immune attack to the myelin sheath by secreting anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-beta and IL-1) and MSCs has the property to differentiate into myelin sheath cells (re-myelination)
Rehabilitation is the part of stem cell therapy. CP patients should have some kind of rehabilitation to help maximize their potential and to help teach techniques which make everyday life easier. Rehabilitation including physiotherapy provides enhanced environment to make stem cell more functional by helping the cell migrating and proliferation fast.
1. Physical therapy may improve your ability to perform daily activities and make you feel better.
2. Occupational therapy may help you perform daily activities more easily-especially those involving your hands and arms, such as grooming, dressing, and eating. Assistive devices may be used to help you perform daily tasks.
3. Speech therapy may improve your communication skills if cerebral palsy symptoms are making speaking difficult.
4. Cognitive retraining may help improve cognitive impairment caused by cerebral palsy